Frequently Asked Questions
Youth unemployment problem that increased after the global economic crisis, became the main topic of G20’s agenda. In this context, with the signature of B20 and L20 Declaration on the importance of apprenticeships, The International Organisation of Employers (IOE) and The Business and Industry Advisory Committee to the OECD (BIAC) established Global Apprenticeships Network (GAN) with the help of International Labour Organisation (ILO) in 2013.
GAN has the characteristic of being the first concrete output of B20 Employment Taskforce and it encourages the business world to enhance youth’s skills and employment.
GAN started the process of establishing national networks to reply different economic, cultural and institutional needs and have an impact on public policies and legislations.
In this direction, GAN TURKEY was established on 25 February 2015 led by Turkish Confederation of Employer Associations (TİSK) in Turkey.
GAN is a platform that encourages the business world to increase the employment and to develop youth’s skills by using apprenticeships opportunities.
Objectives of GAN
– Providing apprenticeships opporttunities
– Sharing best practices with related partners
– Developing and strengthening the status of apprenticeships programmes through support campaigns.
– Increasing information flow and capacity development by establishing national and regional networks
Apprenticeships concept find its exact meaning in some countries, however in some countries apprenticeships covered by the terms of traineeship, intership or skill training.
Different countries have different approaches for apprenticeships. Howeversome countries constitute different kind of programmes by taking into consideration national laws and balance in the national labor market.
Business 20 (B20) and Labour 20 (L20) identify successful apprenticeships programmes as “ Prepared with the driven of employers’ requirements, compatible with laws and practices and continuing operations that are predicated on practice “ in their meeting at July 2013.
The concept of ‘‘apprenticeships’’ contains traineeship, internship and skills training.
Skills Training : According to Vocational Education Law no.3308, businesses that have more than 10 employees are obliged to offer skills training for vocational education schoolers from secondary education and higher education.
Traineeship : According to Vocational Training Law no.3308, youth between 14-19 age who completed their compulsory education are able to get practical education especially in small and medium sized enterprises for 2-4 years.
Trainees receives trainings from in qualified instructor according to prepared training program, necessities of workplace and characteristics of profession.
Intership : Students who have obligatory internship at their institution of higher education (except institutions of vocational education) are able to do intership in a workplace along with confirmation from their institution of education.
– Special access to informations on the implementation of successful apprenticeships programmes and best practices.
– International visibility and publicity on contrubutions of companies about apprenticeships.
– Sectoral and intersectoral potential on partnerships.
– Links to talent and youth in emerging markets.
– Cost effective, one-stop package
– Sharing quality apprenticeships programmes and best practices.
– Developing and enhancing apprenticeships programmes for youth
– Restraining local skill mismatches and collaborating with partners to have an impact on national policies